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Settlement Agashayak.

Ancient settlements of Almaty region.

"You were born for roses, for bliss in a flower garden,
And I - to wander in the dust and get stuck in the sand,
But wherever I was in wanderings through the deserts
You stand before me like a mirage in the distance.»

Baba Tahir. "Both heaven and earth..." End of X – XI centuries

Trip to Agashayak settlement in Saryesik-Atyrau desert.

Agashayak settlement (wooden leg) is located at an altitude of 356 meters above sea level, located 67.7 kilometers to the east and slightly north of the village of Karaoy, 66.3 kilometers to the northeast of the village of Bosingen, 118.7 kilometers to the west and just south of the village of Akzhar, in the Balkhash district in the north part of the Almaty region.
Agashayak ancient settlement is located in the northwestern part of the Saryesik-Atyrau sands, 73 kilometers south and a little east of the Saryesik peninsula on Lake Balkhash, north of the Karkaraly tract, 14.2 kilometers north and a little west of the dune Karakara.
The ancient settlement is located between the dry riverbeds Orta-Bakanas in the east and Shet-Bakanas in the east. The length of the swollen fortification walls is: eastern - 188, western - 180, southern - 181, northern - 188 meters. 
Agashayak ancient settlement is located 38.7 kilometers to the south and a little east of Karamergen ancient settlement, Agashayak is 41.6 kilometers north and slightly west of Aktam ancient settlement.
The fortification area is 34047.79 square meters, the perimeter reaches 740.01 meters. In the northern part of the wall, three sagging towers can be traced, which served as the entrance gate to the fortification. There is a legend about the origin of the name of the settlement, which was given to it by Soviet archaeologists.
Agashayak in translation from Kazakh - Wooden leg. It is named after the tract of the same name with a well and a grave, which is located in the south-west of the settlement in 10.8 kilometers from it. At the weather station in the neighborhood (only the ruins of an artesian well remained from it), a disabled observer with such a nickname served, hence the name.
Not far from the ruins of the settlements was the village of Bayauly, now nothing remains of it. Agashayak ancient settlements were surveyed by UNESCO scientists. The cultural layer was studied, soil scientists were present among the participants of the expedition.
The pits were dug, about 2 meters. There are many fragments of dishes on the territory of the ruins. Especially near the pottery workshops. UNESCO staff said they found buckles, clasps, and combs. The ruins of Agashayak belong to the pre-Mongolian period.
There were, apparently, caravanserais that stood on the Silk Road, in the direction of Dzhezkazgan, Central Kazakhstan, on the banks of the Ili River, but later the river retreated from these places to a distance of about 100 kilometers to the west and the caravanserais remained unclaimed.
Remains of caravanserai walls have been preserved. So far, five such monuments have been found, 4 of them are located in the ancient Ili delta. All of them are on the same line at a distance of 25 - 30 kilometers from each other.
Approximately this distance can be covered in a day. It can be assumed that these small fortress cities served as protection for the inhabitants and trade caravans from the raids of warlike tribes.
Geographical coordinates of Agashayak settlement: N45°54'28.00" E75°39'45.00"

"Medieval cities of Kazakhstan on the Great Silk Road". K.M. Baipakov, Almaty, Gylym, 1998, 216 p.
Alexander Petrov.