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Home » Mangistau region nature. Zhygylgan depression on Mangyshlak explore edge.

Mangyshlak climate.

Trips in mountains of Mangystau.

"Do not scold the weather - if it did not change, nine out of ten people would not be able to start a single conversation."

 Frank Hubbard.

Sights of Mangystau.

As is well known, one of the leading natural factors influencing the formation of vegetation cover is climate. The climate of Mangyshlak is sharply continental, with hot dry summers and cold winters with little snow, with significant ranges of seasonal and daily temperatures.
It is characterized by a very dry air. There is less than 200 mm of precipitation per year. Their distribution is uneven both throughout the year (the maximum is in the spring) and over the years. Once every 5 - 10 years, the amount of precipitation reaches 250 mm, in some years, on the contrary, it decreases to 50 mm.
The volatility is very high. It exceeds the annual precipitation by almost 10 times. Snow cover 3 - 7 cm thick is unstable and not always continuous. It forms during December and collapses in the last days of February.
Winds are almost constant, 90 days a year are characterized by strong winds. In winter, the winds of the east and north-east directions prevail, in the summer - north and north-west.
With winds of more than 10 - 12 meters per second, dust storms occur 5 - 6 times a month.
Annual precipitation, mm 200 (maximum 250) 150 and less.
Precipitation during the warm period, mm 100 and more 75.
Average annual temperature, ° С 10.5 11.5.
Dates of transition of the average daily air temperature through 5 ° С in spring and autumn 20.03 - 31.03: 31.10 - 10.11: 10.03 - 20.03: 10.12 and later
Sum of average daily air temperatures below 5 ° С, ° С 4000 - 4200 4200 - 4600.
Dates of transition of the average daily air temperature through 10 ° C in spring and autumn 10.04 - 20.04: 10.10 - 20.10: 31.03 - 10.04: 20.10 and later.
Sum of average daily air temperatures above 10 ° С, ° С 3800 - 4000 4000 - 4200.
The influence of the sea is manifested in the softening of summer and minimum winter temperatures. Thus, the average July temperature in the area of ​​the Akkuduk meteorological station in the Karynzharyk depression is 28, the maximum is 47 ° С, and at the sea, respectively, 26 and 43 ° С.
The minimum January temperature at Akkuduk is -34, and at the sea -26 ° C. The frost-free period along the sea coast lasts 200 days, with distance from it it decreases to 180. The relative humidity of the air from 60% near the sea decreases to 40% far from it.
The change in the magnitude of sunshine is the opposite - from 2500 hours per year on the coast to 2700 in the area of ​​the Akkuduk village. The frequency of calm near the sea is less (9 times a year) than far from it (23). The wind force, reaching 6 - 7 m / s on the coast, in the Karynzharyk depression decreases to 3 - 4 m / s.
According to a number of climatic indicators, Mangyshlak is divided into 2 parts, the border between which runs approximately at 43 ° N. Sh. (Kashkarov, Korovin, 1936; Climate of Kazakhstan, 1959; Fedoseev, 1962; Egorova, Muzalevskaya, Nigmatullaeva, 1967; Dzhamalbekov, 1974; Klimat, 1982; Borovsky, Dzhamalbekov, 1983; Babaev et al. , 1986).

I.N. Safronova. "Deserts of Mangyshlak".

Photos by
Alexander Petrov.