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Home » Mangistau region. History of formation about town of Fort-Shevchenko.

Region of Mangystau.

Tours, excursions on Mangyshlak peninsula.

“Nature encourages no looseness, pardons no errors”

Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Tours on jeeps from Russia to Kazakhstan.

The Mangistau region is located in the south-west of the Republic of Kazakhstan, on the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea between 450 and 420 N, in the desert zone, and includes the Mangyshlak peninsula, the Ustyurt plateau, the Buzachi peninsula, the Dead Kultuk and Kaydak saline land.
In the north and west it is washed by the Caspian Sea, in the north-east it borders with the Aktobe region of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the east - with Uzbekistan, in the south - with the Republic of Turkmenistan.
Within modern borders, the region was formed in 1973 as the Mangyshlak region, since 1990 it has been called Mangistau. The area of ​​the region covers an area of ​​165.6 square kilometers, which is 6.1% of the total area of ​​Kazakhstan.
The center of the region is the town of Aktau, which is a port on the Caspian Sea and was founded in 1963. The region includes 3 cities (Aktau, Zhanaozen, Fort Shevchenko), 4 rural areas (Beineusky, Tupkaragansky, Karakiyansky, Mangistau), 8 villages, 26 rural and aul districts.
The population density is 2 people per 1 square kilometer, the population as of 01.01.2012 amounted to 346.4 thousand people, the proportion of the urban population is 72.6%; rural - 27.4%. In the region there is the deepest Karagie basin (132 m) in the former USSR and the third in the world.
From the east it is protected by uninhabited Ustyurt Plateau, and from three other sides it is washed by sea. The peninsula is washed in the north by Manghyshlak Bay and in the south by Kazakh Bay.
Northern, western and southern parts are occupied by clay deserts and the central part is mountainous Manghystau. 
The highest point is 562 m above sea level. From the north-west to the south-east there are Karatauchik Ridges, western and eastern Karatau. On both sides of these mountains there are parallel ridges of North and South Aktau.
They look like small raised plateaus coming towards each other. South-eastern part of Manghystau adjacent to the western part of Ustyurt is occupied by the system of sandy areas “takyr”, large “sor” and saline lands, ridges.
The only large water reservoir on the territory of Manghystau oblast is the Caspian Sea. This is not only a transportation main line but also the source for fresh water. In the towns of Aktau and Fort-Shevchenko there are water-desalinating facilities for the generation of fresh water.
The Caspian Sea is famous for the unique fish and, first of all, for the availability of sturgeon fish (beluga sturgeon, sturgeon, stellate sturgeon), which constitute 90% of the global reserves.
There is also Caspian salmon, which is in the Red Book. From other species of fish we should specify Caspian sprat and vobla. From the Black Sea grey mullet was brought to the Caspian Sea for acclimatization.
Now this fish is usual. In the north-east of the Caspian Sea there are sazan and pike perch. Along the seashore there is a lot of bullhead, which is of great interest to the fishers. From the sea mammals we can name Caspian seals inhabiting the north-west of the Caspian Sea and which are subject to commercial hunting.
Travel agencies can introduce tourists to the flora and fauna of our oblast, and to arrange the yacht tours, as well as fish catching and hunting.

Vicinities of settlement Beineu.Cretaceous Mangistau of province.Check point «Tazhen» on the Kazakh-Uzbek border.Check point «Tazhen» on the Kazakh-Uzbek border.Settlement Shetpe.Oil reservoir around Zhanaozen town.Cretaceous Mangistau of province.Oil rocking chairs.Extraction of a shell rock on Mangistau.The Necropolis in steppes Mangistau.Natural places of interest of Mangyshlak.Sheepyard in the steppe.

The guidebook on Mangistau of province.

Alexander Petrov.