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Karagie depression.

Travel Tours on Mangyshlak.

“Karagiye” is a Turk name for a “Black Jaw”

Trip to Karagie depression on Mangyshlak. 

Forty kilometers from Aktau is the 10-kilometre-wide, 40-kilometre-long Karagiye Depression, whose lowest point is 132 metres below sea level. It lies in the triangle of wilderness between the roads to Zhanaozen and Kuryk (on the south coast) and the shortcut that links them.
The most impressive spot in the depression is on its eastern slope, where the terrain rises abruptly to 200 metres. An observation platform halfway from Aktau to Munayshy on the southeastern road towards Zhanaozen gives a magnificent view over the area in clear weather.
The eastern part of the Mangyshlak plateau boasts с having one of the deepest mountain trenches in the work It is located 50 km from the city of Aktau and sits 13 meters below sea level, sprawling itself from north-west t south-east.
The slopes of the trench are rather flat and it does not break a sweat to climb down. People go mushrooming in the trench in spring. One can find only champignons here, as other mush­rooms do not grow in Mangyshlak.
Strikingly beautiful snakes, hares, foxes and corsaks inhabit the place. Vultures soar high in the sky, seek­ing the prey. Moufflons nervously take in everything that's going on around. They say that once upon a time there used to be the lake Batyr, which means a “Brave Warrior".
Then the trench came into existence. It measures 40 km in length and 10 km in width. The formation of the trench is tied up to the enleaching of salty rocks, including the funnel and karst processes that took place on the Caspian Sea.
Karst is caused by underground waters washing out and dissolving the rock. Under­ground waters, leaking out to the bottom of the crevice in limestone, dolomite rock and gypsum, gradually dissolved the rocks, widened the crevices and created deep and nar­row trenches.
The walls and beds of such indentations broadened and formed large funnels and caves. As the caves widened, their walls and ceilings collapsed under the weight of upper layers of rock. It was an ongoing process and was directed to the earth's depth, where saliferous and calcareous layers of rock were deposited.
As a result of this process, large cavities were formed. They were filled with crushed rock. Then formed funnels, potholes, blind valleys, niches and grottoes, shallows, vesicles, passages, and natural wells. The Karagiye trench was developing this way till it finally took the shape it has today.
These processes are still at work. Numerous offsets and scarps, segregated by wide and deep erosive sais, indicate that the relief-forming processes are still going on. For several years, the scientists of Kazakhstan have conducted their re­search in the trench. It turns out that the arid Karagiye trench is a natural generator of rain clouds.
In summer, as a result of the air ascending above the trench, kilometer-long rain clouds are formed. Photographs tak­en by satellites and ground-based observations confirm that. If you climb down the flat slope, you can find a small pool of stream­ing water and the spring Prokhladnyi that flows from a drilled well.
The water is salty. The string snakes its way at the bottom of the trench and disappears into the southern part of the trench, sinking into the sand. There is an ephemeral lake in the southwest of the trench.
There are logging stones, a mass of bedding rocks that were spared of surface damage, in the central Kara­giye. Everyone should see this pic­turesque sight.

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The guidebook across Kazakhstan. The edition of the ministry of tourism and sports.

Alexander Petrov.