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History of mausoleum Zhubana.

Atyrau Silk Road Tours.

"The land where the Volga flows,
Once chosen
The people who lived in the wagons
There he wandered, feeding.
Khan stood over the people -
Do not rebuke the despot ...
To Volga, sprinkling red,
Drops of blood fell"

Ilyas Dzhansugurov. "Victim".

Tours at the monuments of Atyrau region.

The architectural monument of Zhuban's mausoleum is the end of the XIXth and the beginning of the XXth centuries, located 77 kilometers northeast of the city of Kulsary, 24.8 kilometers east (exactly) from the Imankara mountain, 7 kilometers northeast of the Daulet takir and 48, 4 kilometers southeast of the village of Taskuduk in the Zhalyoi district in the southeast of the Atyrau region. 
The construction of the mausoleum began in the 1890s, completed in 1898. According to another version, the mausoleum was built by the masters - the brothers Ungalbai, Munalbai, Umerbai, Itbai, Imanbai Karazhusupov. Here is how the paleontologist from Atyrau Yuri Pastukhov describes the mausoleum of Zhuban.
“Ahead, like a lighthouse among endless, deserted expanses, the dome of the mausoleum of Zhuban appeared. This mausoleum is an architectural monument of the 19th century. It was built in 1898 from white shell rock on top of a very gentle hill.
It rises only 20 meters above the surrounding area, but standing at the mausoleum, you can view everything around for 12 kilometers. From ancient times, it was customary to bury the dead in high places. And the point, as you can see, is not at all to be closer to God, but that groundwater does not flood the burial.
Far ahead, on a slightly elevated plain above the surface of the plain, a tiny whitening small square appeared. This is the mausoleum of Zhuban. It can be seen from a distance of 12 kilometers, and from the takyr Kabyskol even from 20 kilometers.
There is such a legend about the mausoleum. At the end of the last century, in these places there was no man richer than Mullah Zhuban. It seems that he had everything, but a mortal illness came and you can’t buy it off with any wealth.
Juban understood that his days were numbered. He ordered the master Nugman to be brought to him, the fame of which spread far beyond the borders of the region. “Build Nugan a mausoleum for me, so that the descendants of my descendants can admire it and remember me.”
Nguman took up the job, and the death of Zhuban was already on the threshold. Relatives took the body of the mullah to Mangyshlak (he was from the Adai family) and buried there. For several years Nugman built a mausoleum from Shell rock of light cream color.
He built on conscience. So he lifted the plates between himself so that the razor blade could not be inserted. Outside, the walls were decorated with intricate carvings, and inside I painted with images of weapons and household items.
At the Zhuban Mausoleum, the plates are fastened in some ingenious way, and when the restorers wanted to find out what is inside the masonry, they tried using one technique to move one plate, it did not move.
Only a piece of stone broke off. Indeed, Nugman tried - he built a mausoleum for centuries. And they found out the name of the master because on the inside of the northern wall of the mausoleum he left his name and wrote how much he would pay for the work.
But by that standards they paid a lot: 20 thousand rubles, 10 horses, 122 rams, a pound of tea and 15 pounds of sugar. The work was worth it. In 1985, the mausoleum was renovated by the forces of Guryev restorers.
But if you look at this monument now, you will see that nothing remains of modern paints, and those that have been preserved from the last century still continue to decorate the building, especially on the shadow side.
Zhuban dreamed that his mausoleum would survive centuries. "Nugman did everything to immortalize his name, not only the customer, but also his own, putting his soul into this creation." In 1982, the Zhuban mausoleum was included in the list of historical and cultural monuments of the Kazakh SSR of republican significance and taken under state protection.
The mausoleum is quadrangular in plan, an elegant helmet-shaped dome rises above the cylindrical drum. The height of the mausoleum together with the dome is 9.5 m, length 6.6 m, width 5.8 m. There is one window. Kulpytas (a tombstone in the form of a vertical stele) is installed inside the mausoleum.
The building was built without the use of nails, boards. Shells of local breeds were used in the construction. Inside and outside Zhuban's mausoleum is decorated with Kazakh national ornaments.
Geographic coordinates of the Zhuban mausoleum: N47 ° 24'08.72 "E54 ° 47'33.84"

Yuri Pastukhov. “The land of snow-white history”, 2005, Atyrau. Photo from the site