You are here

Home » Balkan region in Turkmenistan. Natural and administrative sights Turkmenistan.

Bereket town.

Inbound tourism in Turkmenistan.

“Bereket located on crossing of railway corridors the North-South (Russia-Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran-Persian Gulf) and the East-West (The Caspian sea - Ashgabat-Uzbekistan)”

Educational tourism in Turkmenistan.

Bereket, formerly Gazandjyk or Kazandzhik, is a city in Balkan Province in western Turkmenistan. Bereket is the centre of the Bereket District. The city is located in an oasis in the foothills of the Kopetdag Mountains, Bereket is an important strategic railway intersection of the Trans-Caspian Railway and North-South Transnational Railway (Russia-Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran-Persian Gulf.
The city has a locomotive repair depot and a modern railway station. The city is located approximately 260 km west of the Turkmen capital of Ashgabat and 340 km east of the Caspian Sea port of Turkmenbashi, the largest cities nearby are Balkanabat 120 km to the west, and Serdar 90 km to the east.
The estimated population of the city is 24,500 as of March 2015, the exact origin of the name is unknown. Gazanjyk is probably derived from a Turkic language word gazan or kazan, the name can be translated into English as small kazan or small cauldron.
The present-day name of the city Bereket in the Turkmen language means abundance or prosperity, the word Bereket is borrowed from the Persian word Barakat into Turkmen. Persian in turn has borrowed it from Arabic Barakah, since ancient times the area where city is now located was known as an important junction on the famous Silk Road that connected China with the Middle East and Europe.
The soil is sandy, clayey, alkaline, there are sparse clumps of weeds and this transition separates the Balkan mountains from Kyurendag. Kazandjik wells lie in the gorge of the Kyurendag mountains, along the stream of a small river, water in the wells is fresh and of good quality.
After the conquest of the Transcaspian Oblast the Russian Empire started to build the Trans-Caspian railway including towns, kazandjik, as an urban city, was founded in 1895 to serve as an important junction on the railway.
During Soviet period the army garrison had built on the outskirts of the city. In 1988 it had stationed strong army units, the tank regiment, the 160th motorized rifle regiment, the December 2000 Turkmenistan earthquake devastated the city center.
The city is located on the most western foothills of the Kopetdag mountains called Koytendag on the edge of the Karakum deserts, the maximum height of the Koytendag ridge is 968 m. The vegetation of the ridge is quite poor and is represented primarily by species of flora, sagebrush, semi-desert and dry steppe.
One can occasionally find juniper trees, single or large groups of tamarisk, wildlife in recent years has become greatly impoverished. Argali sheep are occasionally, as are bezoar goats and wild boars. 17 of October 2017 in Turkmenistan in the city of Bereket (the former Kazandzhik) the new locomotive depot where more than 600 employees will work is put into operation.
Ensuring bigger availability of locomotive draft on the railway corridors which are crossed here will become a task of the enterprise. Capacities of depot allow to carry out regular maintenance of 210 locomotives in a year with use of the modern diagnostic, measuring, control and lifting equipment.
Also there is a sink for trains and installation for cleaning of details of locomotives. Bereket located on crossing of railway corridors the North-South (Russia-Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran-Persian Gulf) and the East-West (The Caspian sea - Ashgabat-Uzbekistan).