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Bautino village.

Tour from Fort-Shevchenko to Bautino.

“Do you care about the future?” Build today. You can change everything. On a barren plain to grow a cedar forest. But it’s important that you do not construct cedars, but plant the seeds.”

Antoine de Saint-Exupery.

Trip to Bautino from Aktau.

Bautino is a village (previously an urban-type settlement in the Tupkaragan district of the Mangistau region of Kazakhstan. The administrative center and the only settlement in the Bautinsky rural district. It is located on the shore of the Tyub-Karagan Gulf of the Caspian Sea at the western tip of the Tyub-Karagan Peninsula 4 km north-west of the city of Fort Shevchenko.
It was founded in 1847 as the Russian fishing village of Nikolaev near the newly built Novo-Petrovsky fortification. It got its current name in 1921 Renamed Bautino in honor of Bautin Alexei Egorovich, the head of the Bolshevik Revolutionary Committee of the village, who was killed by the whites in 1919.
In 1999, the population of the village was 3737 people (1872 men and 1865 women). According to the 2009 census, 4344 people lived in the village (2180 men and 2164 women). There are many historical sights in the village of Bautino, in front of the monument to A. Bautin on the next street there is an obelisk of the expedition of Alibi Dzhangeldin.
The inscription on the obelisk: "Here, on August 23, 1918, the international detachment of Jangeldin landed." Historians claim that the mission was to deliver money and weapons to the Aktobe front along the route Astrakhan-Fort-Buzachi-Ustyurt-Chelyur.
This obelisk was installed in the village in 1975. In the village of Bautino there are ruins of the St. Nicholas Church, but the main monuments of the fishing village are the lighthouses of the 1850s, the oldest Russian buildings in all of Central Asia.
The squat Lower Lighthouse is located in the center, in the closed territory of the port, the high Upper Lighthouse is on the rocks closer to the exit from the long bay, and the caretaker will certainly show on his wall the traces of bullets left by the Basmachi in 1929, one of which, probably, could easily be javdet.
The Bautin port has recently been "famous" for the cemetery of rusty ships. Now, there are new vessels here, including a whole flotilla of Mangistau icebreakers or the grandiose Sunkar drilling platform - the Caspian shelf is rich in oil.
A major center of the fishing industry of Kazakhstan. Base for seals and fish, fish canning, ship repair plants. At the fish canning factory there are workshops for the production of canned fish, fishmeal, dressing of seal skins, and a tin-can workshop.
Highways connect Bautino with the cities of Aktau and Fort Shevchenko, sea routes with the cities of Atyrau and Astrakhan. Earlier, near the village there was an airport of the same name. Through the port of Bautino, international cargoes are needed for oil companies. T
he main cargo transported is brick, shell rock and other building materials. Every year, the port passes up to 150 thousand tons of cargo. In winter, sea water near the bay freezes. The thickness of the ice is 20 - 30 centimeters, in other years it reaches 80 centimeters.
Around the bay accumulated a large number of sunken and old ships. The land around the bay is owned by various companies. The Bautino port is used by NCOC as a support base for maritime operations, there is also a branch of the Aktau International Sea Trade Port, and the bases of Tengiz Service, EnkaInshaat and Caspian Service Group.
The construction of the Bautino Offshore Operations Support Base (BPMO) began in 1998. The port has become a logistics center for the offshore oil industry in the Kazakhstan sector of the Caspian Sea and a safe haven for ships for long cold winters.
The base is operated by the North Caspian Operating Company (NCOC) oil consortium. BPMO is a strategic place for all offshore projects (food, sewage and sludge management system, household and industrial waste management point, packaging, pipes, etc.).
All objects are located on an area of ​​110 hectares, 5000 m² of which are occupied by offices, warehouses, workshops, ports and landfills.

Old houses in the village of Bautino.The sea port of Bautino.Old houses in the village of Bautino and a monument to Alexei Bautin.The sea port of Bautino.Old houses in the village of Bautino.The sea port of Bautino.


Alexander Petrov.