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Ancient settlement Mirtobe.

Unique monuments of history of South Kazakhstan.

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Monuments of material culture of Turkestan region.

The ancient settlement Mirtobe is located 3.4 kilometers northeast of the Shymkent - Kyzylorda highway, 5.4 kilometers northeast of the Sauran settlement, 24 kilometers west and slightly south of the Babaykorgan settlement, 16.2 kilometers northwest of the Sauran railway station, subordinate to the city administration of the city of Turkestan in the Turkestan region.
The settlement and settlement of Mirtobe is located on a natural elevation at an altitude of 236.7 meters above sea level, it is included in the list of the Azret-Sultan reserve-museum as an archaeological heritage. In the corner of the southern side there is a fortress-mound 5.5 meters high, similar to a square.
The size of the mounds in terms of the surface of the ridge is 95 x 85 meters, in terms of the height of the mound - 80 x 70 meters, and in terms of the internal dimensions - 45 x 45 meters. The monument was investigated in 1867 by P. I. Lerkh, in 1951 by the South Kazakhstan archaeological expedition (S. N. Bernshtam), in 1970 by the Otrar archaeological expedition (K. A. Akishev).
Zayn ad-din Mahmud Wasifi in his work "Badai al-wakai" describes the city of Sauran, speaking of the canals that provide the city with water, he mentioned that at the expense of the local religious representative Mir-Arab, kyarzes were built in order to provide the city with water and fruit.
This is confirmed by the fact that the remnant of the qanats that provided the city of Sauran with water was named after Mirtobe. The main gate of the burial mound was preserved on the southern side, the second - on the western side, which, most likely, was in the form of a small door, was preserved at the bottom, 20 meters from the mound, in the form of a ceiling 10 meters in diameter and 4 meters high.
Inside the mound, there is a trail of a well with a diameter of 4 meters, which was connected through a water supply to a deep ravine on the western side.
A high ridge from the northeastern corner of the mound is connected to a small "charbag", and most likely the water from the mound was pumped out through underground pipelines and delivered to the gardens of the big and small "charbag".
In any case, the underground water pipeline from the village of Maidantal, located 11 kilometers northeast of Mirtobe, does not intersect, while another water pipeline was laid on the eastern side, 260-280 meters from Sauran.
From the large "charbag" you can see 43 wells, dug 10 meters each no closer than 30-50 meters from the ground, in total about 50 of these water wells still require careful study. The monument is included in the collection "Chronicle of historical and cultural monuments of Kazakhstan" 1994 in the South Kazakhstan region under number 635 and is under the jurisdiction of the state.
Geographic coordinates of the settlement of Mirtobe: N43 ° 33'24.05 "E67 ° 48'31.56"